The two Moroccan-French divisions had 2,500 casualties in their battles around Monte Belvedere.[13]. The French Corps would attack across the Garigliano. On the night of February 17 the main attack was done. The 34th Division pushed back General Franek's 44th Infantry Division. Despite its military value, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring elected not to occupy the ancient abbey and informed the Allies and Vatican of this fact. Long neglected by historians, the horrific conflict saw over 350,000 casualties, while the worst winter in Italian memory and official incompetence and backbiting only worsened the carnage and turmoil. Though elements of the 36th Infantry Division were able to cross the Rapido near San Angelo, they lacked armored support and remained isolated. On February 11, after a 3-day attack on Monastery Hill and Cassino town, the Americans pulled back. Moving forward on March 15, Freyberg's men advanced behind a creeping bombardment. The Sussex battalion was fought off, once again sustaining over 50% casualties.[23]. Landing in Italy in September 1943, Allied forces under General Sir Harold Alexander began pushing up the peninsula. With his right-wing wavering, Kesselring began pulling back to the Hitler Line, approximately eight miles to the rear. Though many, including Clark, believed the abbey to be vacant, increasing pressure ultimately led Alexander to controversially order the building to be bombed. On January 20, Clark launched his main assault with the US II Corps south of Cassino and near San Angelo. They lost about 55, 000 people by the end of the battle. An advance was made on each side of the mountain range in the middle of Italy. Freyberg thought the attack could not continue and he ended it. As a result, Clark was forced to use Route 6 which passed through the Liri Valley. Fourth Battle (Operation Diadem): Allied Plan of Attack. With U.S. VI Corps under threat at Anzio, Freyberg asked to help at Cassini. British XIII Corps in the centre right of the front would attack along the Liri valley. The next attack was on January 24. The battle was won but it came at a high price for the Allies. An attack by the German 1st Parachute Division stopped the Allied attack and destroyed the tanks. The attack (11–12 May) on Cassino started at 23:00 with artillery bombing with 1,060 guns on the 8th Army front and 600 guns on the Fifth Army front. Though the German line had held, the Allies had come close to a breakthrough which concerned the commander of the German Tenth Army, Colonel General Heinrich von Vietinghoff, who oversaw the Gustav Line. By the end of March 17 the Gurkhas held a point near the Abbey. Some Allied aircraft saw German troops in the Abbey. With this failure, Allied forces consolidated their lines and Alexander began devising a new plan for breaking the Gustav Line. Though some gains were made, the Germans rallied quickly and dug in. March 19 was planned for the attack on the town and on the Abbey. It was split into two phases as the first phase petered out and the Allies had to alter their tactics. First Battle: Northern Sector 24 January – 11 February 1944. [6], German paratroopers went into the abbey's ruins. Recognizing the defensive value of the terrain, the Germans built the Gustav Line section of the Winter Line through the area. Both efforts were successful and soon the German Tenth Army was reeling and facing being surrounded. The Battle of Monte Cassino (also called the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a battle during the Italian Campaign of World War II. Fighting in Cassino caused the 4th Indian Division to lose 3,000 men and the New Zealand Division had 1,600 men killed, missing and wounded. Though Clark felt the odds of success were low, an effort needed to be made to support the Anzio landings which would occur further north on January 22. Though the British succeeded in penetrating the line and capturing Ortona in late December, heavy snows prevented them from pushing west along Route 5 to reach Rome. This made it a good place for German artillery observers. This city was important because it stood along the best route to Rome. Attacking for three days in early February, they were unable to secure the abbey or the neighboring high ground. This was called Operation Avenger. It was a series of four attacks by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by the Germans and Italians. [nb 1]. The plan of U.S. Fifth Army commander General Clark was for British X Corps to attack on January 17, 1944. Battle of Monte Cassino Timeline. [30] The U.S. II Corps made little progress. Reduced to house to house fighting, despite the addition of more troops, Allied forces were unable to overcome the resolute German defense. On the western side, U.S. Fifth Army moved from Naples. The Battle of Monte Cassino was fought January 17 to May 18, 1944, during World War II and saw the Allies win after four bloody engagements. The dead are buried in 19 sites throughout the country. The attack on Monte Cassino was a bloody affair and one that was dubbed the Stalingrad of the Italian front. Reaching the Gustav Line near Cassino on January 15, 1944, the US Fifth Army immediately began preparations to assault the German positions.

battle of monte cassino summary

Ocean Breeze Drink, Aloe Vera Juice Recipe, Green Vegetable Soup, Samsung Galaxy A01 Price, Outdoor Fireplace Kits Lowe's, Logic Proof Calculator With Steps, Vegan Creamy Vegetable Soup, Southern Kingdom Of Israel, Al Fez Harissa, Used Epiphone Hummingbird Pro,